Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)
Formally known as a Labour Market Opinion (LMO)
What is a Labour Market Impact Assessment? (LMIA)
An Labor Market Impact Assessment is a document that gives Canadian employers permission to hire a temporary foreign worker. Employers for certain types of temporary workers will need to obtain a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) prior to the worker applying for a work permit.
Most employers need a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) before they can hire a temporary worker. Employers need to know that before they begin the hiring process, they need to determine if they need an LMIA.
If the employer determines they need an LMIA, they will need to hire the temporary worker through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program. (TFWP).
Employers can use the TFWP to hire foreign workers to fill temporary labour and skill shortages.
A positive LMIA will show that there is a need for the foreign worker to fill the job you are offering and that there is no Canadian worker available to do the job.
Once a positive LMIA has been issued, the employer issues a copy of the confirmation letter to each temporary worker, following which the work can apply for a work permit.
The employer is responsibility to apply for an LMIA. Once an employer obtains a positive LMIA, the employer can issue a letter of employment to a foreign worker on a temporary basis. Once the foreign worker receives the letter of employment, they can apply for a work permit. The temporary foreign worker will need the following:
- a letter of employment offer,
- a contract,
- a copy of the LMIA, and
- the LMIA number.
Before a Canadian employer can bring a temporary foreign worker to Canada, the Canadian employer must be in receipt of a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), however there are some situations where the need for a LMIA may be waived.
For more information about this and how LMIA process works, please contact a member of the Immigrate4Canada team.